Achieving short-cut nitrification and denitrification in modified intermittently aerated constructed wetland

Authors: Hou, Jie; Xia, Ling; Ma, Tao; Zhang, Yiqing; Zhou, Yiyong; He, Xugang

This study aim to enhance nitrogen removal performance via shifting nitrogen removal pathway from nitrate to nitrite pathway. It was demonstrated that nitrite pathway was successfully and stably achieved in CWs by using modified intermittent aeration control with aeration 20 min/non-aeration 100 min and reducing DO concentration during aeration, nitrite in the effluent could accumulate to over 70% of the total oxidized nitrogen. Q-PCR analysis showed that nitrifying microbial communities were optimized under the alternating anoxic and aerobic conditions, ammonia oxidizing bacteria increased from 7.15 x 10(6) to 8.99 x 10(6) copies/g, while nitrite oxidizing bacteria decreased approximately threefold after 234 days operation. Most importantly, high nitrogen removal efficiency with ammonium removal efficiency of 94.6%, and total nitrogen removal efficiency of 82.6% could be achieved via nitrite pathway even under carbon limiting conditions. In comparison to the nitrate pathway, the nitrite pathway could improve the TN removal by about 55%. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Volume: 232
Issue: 8
Pages: 10 - 17
Published Online: 2016
Full Text Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.02.027